Western Canada

- Hometown: West Vancouver, British Columbia
- Demographic: Front-end baby buster (born 1968)
- Places of residence since birth: British Columbia (26 years), Hawaii (11 years), Alberta (9 years), Quebec (1 year)
- Worldview: Ex-atheist, converted to faith in Jesus Christ at 22 years old, spiritual rather than religious
- Highest education: MA, political science; BA, journalism
- Occupation: Technical writer
- Likes: West Coast lifestyle (N or S of 49th parallel), boomer music ("classic rock"); hanging with friends; dining at 5-star restaurants; successful men who inspire me personally, spiritually and professionally
- Dislikes: Authoritarian political systems (left or right), religious fundamentalism (of any sort) and cults, fiat currency and inflation, debt, warm wine/beer, bad coffee, cheap stuff, snow

Concerning the human condition and salvation, the Holy Scriptures proclaim:

For the invisible things of him [God] from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they [mankind] are without excuse.
-- Romans 1:20

For all [men] have sinned, and come short of the glory of God.
-- Romans 3:23

For by grace are ye saved through faith [in Christ Jesus]; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works [i.e., religion], lest any man should boast.
-- Ephesians 2:8-9

For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God.
-- 1 Corinthians 1:18


In one word, the great fact on which the Christian's hope rests is substitution. The vicarious sacrifice of Christ for the sinner, Christ's suffering for the sinner, Christ's being made sin for us that we might be made the righteousness of God in him, Christ offering up a true and proper substitutionary sacrifice in the place of as many as the Father gave him, who are recognized by their trusting in him--this is the cardinal fact of the gospel.
-- Charles Haddon Spurgeon (1834-1892)

God imposed His wrath due unto, and the Son underwent the pains of h - ll for, either: All the sins of all men. All the sins of some men, or Some sins of all men. In which case it may be said: If the last, some sins of all men, then have all men some sins to answer for, and so shall no man be saved. If the second, that is it which we affirm, that Christ in their stead and room suffered for all the sins of all the elect in the world. But if the first be true, why are not all men free from the punishment due unto their sins? You answer, "Because of their unbelief." I ask, "Is this unbelief a sin, or is it not? If it is, then Christ suffered the punishment due unto it, or He did not. If He did, why must that hinder them more than their other sins for which He died? If He did not, He did not die for all their sins!"
-- John Owen (1616-1683)

It has happened to these assertors of “Free-will” according to the old proverb, ‘Striving dire Scylla’s rock to shun, they ’gainst Charybdis headlong run.’ For devotedly striving to dissent from the Pelagians, they begin to deny the ‘merit of worthiness'; whereas, by the very way in which they deny it, they establish it more firmly than ever. They deny it by their word and pen, but establish it in reality, and in heart-sentiment: and thus, they are worse than the Pelagians themselves: and that, on two accounts. First, the Pelagians plainly, candidly, and ingenuously, assert the ‘merit of worthiness’; thus calling a boat a boat, and a fig a fig; and teaching what they really think.

Whereas, our “Free-will” friends, while they think and teach the same thing, yet mock us with lying words and false appearances, as though they dissented from the Pelagians; when the fact is quite the contrary. So that, with respect to their hypocrisy, they seem to be the Pelagians’ strongest opposers, but with respect to the reality of the matter, and their heart-tenet, they are twice-dipped Pelagians. And next, under this hypocrisy, they estimate and purchase the grace of God at a much lower rate than the Pelagians themselves.

For these [full-blown Pelagians] assert, that it is not a certain little something in us by which we attain unto grace, but whole, full, perfect, great, and many, devoted efforts and works. Whereas, our ["Free-will"] friends declare, that it is a certain little something, almost a nothing, by which we deserve grace.

-- Martin Luther (1483-1546), The Bondage of the Will, Section CXLIX